A material may decay for a variety of reasons: normally we consider those that derive from environmental interactions, to which we should add events that are limited in time but of high energy that may be far more dangerous for the maintenance of heritage.
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From 2010, the German Archaeological Institute in Rome (DAI), in collaboration with the Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma (SSBAR), has created a topographical map covering the underground rooms of the Domus Aurea and the overlying level of Trajan’s Baths now forming part of the park on the Oppian Hill.
In the context of the institutional collaboration between the Soprintendenza speciale per i beni archeologici di Roma (SSBAR – Mibac)
The conservation work to be carried out in the West Wing, and specifically in the north-western corner of the Domus Aurea, are aimed at tackling the two main goals of intervention on the monument:
- structural consolidation;
- the overall isolation of the area to minimize heat transfer with the outside, and thus protect and thermally stabilize the surface layers of the fresco paintings decorating most of the rooms of the Domus.
Among the main factors that endanger the conservation of Nero’s palace, now underground after Trajan’s works, a crucial role for the frescoed surfaces is played by light.