In September-November 2012, we carried out an archaeological sounding in the sector of the Oppian Hill park above the outer surface of Trajanic Galleries 20A and 20B. The study was aimed at understanding the external layout and construction features of the ancient vaults, with a view both to reconstructing the missing parts and to defining the new external protection system for the monument. Below we publish the preliminary results of the archaeological study.
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In recent years, archaeological excavations have been undertaken in the Oppian Hill park above the Domus Aurea pavilion with the aim of testing rehabilitation and waterproofing systems for the ancient structures, in order to intercept rainwater and thus eliminate percolations inside the underground monument.
In recent years, our understanding of Nero’s residence on the Oppian Hill has significantly improved with the acquisition of new data supplied by archaeological research organized in the East Wing by the Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma (SSBAR) from 2000 onwards.
From 2010, the German Archaeological Institute in Rome (DAI), in collaboration with the Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma (SSBAR), has created a topographical map covering the underground rooms of the Domus Aurea and the overlying level of Trajan’s Baths now forming part of the park on the Oppian Hill.