Lancellotti Discobolus (Discus Thrower), II c. CE. From Rome, quartiere Esquilin

The artworks exhibited on the ground floor and first floor bear witness to the evolution of Roman sculpture in its progressive appropriation and imitation of the Greek models.

Among the masterpieces on display are: the Boxer at Rest, the Lancellotti Discobolus (Discus Thrower) the Hermaphroditus Asleep, the Maiden of Antium, the Dying Niobid and the Bronze Dyonisus.

Among the portraits of the emperors, some in particular stand out: the statue of Augustus as Pontifex Maximus (High Priest), the portraits of princes and princesses of the Julio-Claudian and Flavian dynasties, the head of Hadrian, the statue of Antoninus Pius, the bust of Septimius Severus.

Extraordinarily important are the Sarcophagus of Portonaccio, decorated with a scene of battle between Romans and Barbarians, and the sculptures that decorated the Ships of Nemi.